Melatonin is as the sleep hormone, is produced in our brain, specifically in the pineal gland . Although this gland performs various functions in our body, its main function is to regulate the sleep and wake cycle, this is achieved by transforming serotonin into melatonin.
- Formula : C13H16N2O2 _ _ _ _ _ _
- IUPAC name : N-[2-(5-methoxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]
- Half life : 35-50 minutes
- Metabolism : Hepatic via 6-hydroxylation mediated by CYP1A2
- Bioavailability : 30-50%
- Legal status : S4 (AU) OTC (USA)
- CAS number : 73-31-4
- ATC code : N05CH01
- PubChem : 896
- DrugBank : APRD00742
- ChemSpider : 872
- UNII : JL5DK93RCL
- KEGG : D08170
- ChEBI : 16796
Table of Contents
Many people associate this hormone with rest, but what is it really? Melatonin is a hormone shaped by the brain, specifically by the pineal gland.
Melatonin is a hormone shaped by the pineal gland in the brain . It is a influential antioxidant that helps protect the body from damage caused by free radicals and is also a powerful anti-inflammatory.
This is known worldwide as the “sleep hormone”, since its basic function is to regulate the sleep cycle and the circadian rhythm , achieving complete rest and recovery.
What is Melatononia? All About The Sleep Hormone
It should be known that melatonin is released in the blood vessels. This usually happens during the night hours or when it is dark, that is, during daylight hours, the production of this hormone stops. It should be well-known that melatonin is not a sleeping pill, but rather a sleep stimulant . As the production of this is activated in the dark, it is important that people with sleep problems do not expose themselves to the light of light bulbs and electronic devices before going to sleep .
This amino acid is obtained through the consumption of certain foods. Therefore, if you want to recover the value of rest, it is essential to increase the consumption of foods rich in tryptophan .
What is melatonin used for? Properties and benefits
In recent years, this hormone has been widely used to treat sleep disorders and other pathologies. Although this is produced naturally by the body, it is also possible to introduce it into our body through supplements. Next, you will be able to know some of the properties of the sleep hormone.
Incites to sleep. The pineal gland is activated at night, because it is stimulated by darkness. This raises the level of melatonin in the body, which gradually produces a feeling of relaxation and finally leads the person to sleep. But with the presence of sunlight, the amount of melatonin decreases, which causes the person to wake up. That is why melatonin is known as the sleep hormone.
It is an ally against aging. This hormone fights free radicals, thanks to its antioxidant effect. Therefore, it serves to combat premature aging.